Differences Between Damask, Brocade, and Jacquard

Often times, uneducated individuals use the terms damask, brocade, and Jacquard interchangeably with one another. It can often confuse those who are unfamiliar with the world of fabrics. Jacquard is a decorative or woven pattern that is created by using a Jacquard attachment on a loom. The attachment resembles the punch card on a piano. It is purported to offer better versatility and fabric control for the operator of the loom. The Jacquard technique can be applied to a variety of fabrics, and it is commonly used on brocade and damask fabrics. It is commonly used in a variety of apparel and home goods, from tablecloths to bedding.

Brocade is defined as a lavishly decorated, shuttle woven fabric. It is primarily woven from silk; although, it is possible to find brocade constructed from a blend of silk and synthetic fibers. Often, it will be embroidered with gold or silver thread. Brocade can trace its origins back to India, where weaving is a traditional art form. It is typically woven on a loom, and it may or may not be woven using the Jacquard technique. It is also characterized by the manner in which the brocaded or broached parts of the fabric hang in loose groups or are clipped away. Although the scenes and patterns on brocade appear to have been embroidered, the scenes are actually woven into the fabric using advanced weaving techniques that involve manipulating the weft and weave of the fabric. The most common types of scenes depicted on brocade fabric are those of floral prints.

Damask, similarly to brocade, is a fabric that features woven scenes of floral patterns, intricate geometric designs, or simple scenes of domestic life. It may be woven of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibers. However, it is most commonly created from silk. It is primarily different from brocade in the fact that its woven fabric pattern is reversible, while that of brocade is not. Similarly, shorter weft patterns in damask allow for more subtle effects in the fabric to be created as it plays off of shadow and light. Damask weaves also contain a higher thread count than that of brocade. Double damask weaves are the highest quality of damask produced; however, it is also the most expensive.

The Basics Of Affiliate Network Marketing

"Getting started with affiliate marketing" 5 secrets you must know

By now most of us have heard of network marketing and most of us have heard of affiliate programs. The major understanding network marketing basics much better than affiliate programs. So let's cover a few basics so that you can determine whether network affiliate marketing is of interest to you.

"Getting started with affiliate marketing" secret # 1

Affiliate programs also go by a host of other programs names, all meaning the exact same thing. Whether you find them under affiliate programs, profit sharing programs, referral programs, associate or reseller programs, they are all based on the exact same principle. When you join one of these programs, you receive a special web site link form the company that identifies that web site as yours. It is your job to market the site. When you refer people to your site and they make a purchase, you receive a commission for that sale.

Affiliate programs allow people to create online businesses with little effort. There is no need to worry about warehousing, inventory, employees, insurance or licensing. You are in effect "borrowing" the site for your own profit, since the term, profit sharing programs. These are ground floor opportunities with noticeable potential for profit. Your job is to simply direct the traffic to your site. There is no need for you to ever place a phone call, close a sale, or chase down your friends and family. You receive a commission from any purchase made on your affiliate website.

"Getting started with affiliate marketing" secret # 2

Some affiliate programs will allow you to create your own domain name for the website and use that web address for the site link. This often looks a little more professional and is also easier to use. Affiliate links are easy to recognize, Affiliate website followed by your id "hopefully they should be short links". This is a simple web address followed by a user name. I have seen some affiliate links that are near a mile long, too long to remember and too long for the potential client to rety into their browser should the link fail. Using your own domain name looks more professional and is easier to use.

Now that you are all set up, it's time to start getting traffic to your site. Some people try buying traffic, but pre purchased traffic has its downside. The idea is that a marketing company will guarantee that you will receive a specified amount of traffic to your site within a specified time frame. Enough traffic should play the percentages right and you should end up with sales.

The downfall to pre paid traffic is that most companies pay individuals to click on the web links provided to them. Very few paid traffic companies really do any marketing on your behalf. You might get lucky and someone might actually actually look at your website while they are there, but chances are you'll be paying for a lot of uninterested people to click on your link without any intention of reading the content on the site.

OPT-IN MARKETING "Getting started with affiliate marketing" secret # 3

Now you need to explore marketing methods. We will cover a few methods of affiliate marketing, but there are many more out there. E-mail marketing is popular, but you have pay close attention to the very strict spam laws. Not only will spamming decrease your chances of success and make the entire company look bad, but most affiliate marketing programs will terminate your account and even fine you if you are spamming.

Opt-in e-mail lists are specifically designed to reach a market of your choice. People have to agree to receive the e-mails so there is no chance of being accused of spam. Using e-mail lists can be successful, and wonderfully free, if you can be creative enough to not only get your e-mail opened but to convince the prospect that you have something better than they are probably working on themselves. Using false promises may be attention grabbing, but it is certainly not a recommended method of advertising. Remember that you are in effect a subcontractor for a bigger company. What makes you look bad also makes the entire company look bad, so be careful about the content of your e-mails.

If you really have a good and solid opportunity, and most affiliate programs do, you should be able to have some success with opt-in e-mails. Remember these are people who are looking for the exact same thing you are, success in internet marketing. Not all programs are quality programs, so those that are becoming much easier to market even to those who are already doing their own marketing for something else. Solid companies with marketable products are not the easiest to find.

"Getting started with affiliate marketing" secret # 4

One of the best examples of affiliate programs would have to be Amazon.com. They have a remarkably high success rate because they offer a solid program and have done a lot of the marketing for you with their own advertising. You do not have to introduce a new plan. However, because of its success, there are already over a half a million associates marketing their affiliate site. That's a lot of competition and it may not be the best for the amateur marketer.

Free opt-in e-mail lists that barrage its customers with hundreds of email daily are not effective marketing tools. There are too many e-mails being sent to everyone else to really have much of a fighting chance of getting your email opened and read. Again, you may want to play the statistics game, but you should at least add opt-in e-mail lists that send out only a few ads per day to their subscribers. You will receive higher quality results this way.

One of the best free to join opt-in-e-mail lists comes from SubscribeMe website. Not only is it free to join but they allow you to join a vast amount of lists at once. You will have to confirm your subscriptions as they come through to your mailbox for your ad to run in every possible issue, but they keep the number of ads they send out per day restricted so that there is an opportunity for everyone's to be opened and read .

Again, you will want to be creative with you subject line and really write some quality ads, but this is a good free resource for e-mail marketing. You will also receive e-mails telling you when you can expect your ad to run and in some cases they will tell you how many subscribers they have at present.

COMBINED MARKETING METHODS "Getting started with affiliate marketing" secret # 5

Opt-in email marketing is a solid marketing method for any type of internet business, but they seem to work especially well for affiliate programs. Most affiliate programs are either free to join or are very low cost. Although most free to join programs require an upgraded status in order to receive responsibilities. The low cost of these programs make them desirable for the average person who does not have a lot of capital to sink into a new venture.

When writing an opt-in e-mail ad, be sure to take into account the word limits and line limits. Getting straight to the point and writing attention grabbing ads may take a little time and practice, but they are well worth the effort and can be successful.

Opt-in advertising is not the only method of marketing a person should use, but it can lead to effective advertising when combined with other methods. Not all of these methods are all that expensive and can enhance your marketing efforts to produce results.

When using combinations of methods, it is best to start with a particular method and then gradually add to it as that you have a method of tracking your results. It is senseless to pay for marketing that is not bringing anyone to your affiliate web page.

Some of the better combination methods include, but are not limited to, advertising, pay per click advertising, and rotator web page advertising. Banner advertising can either exist on top of related emails and websites or along the relevant information. Pay per click advertising is an agreed upon bid to major search engines to include your website for keyword searches. Keyword searches vary significantly and it is best to do some research before attempting this method. It can get costly to do keyword search, but it can also be very effective. Rotator ad pages are simply full page advertisements for the same affiliate company that simply rotate the URL link to various participants in the ad. This also can be a fairly low cost and effective method of marketing.

This information and a whole lot more can be found on affiliate site. This website is an independent site that carries a variety of sound information regarding affiliate programs and internet marketing. Their informative articles are a wonderful education for anyone trying to achieve success through online marketing. It's worth a lengthy visit to this site to bone up on all the latest news, reports, and information to make your affiliate marketing plan a success.

Common Questions in the IELTS Writing Exam Under the Academic Module

It has always been said that preparation is the key to any endeavor. Indeed, success is possible when thorough planning and preparing have been considered well. For many Filipinos planning to work and study abroad, the first thing they have to do is to prepare their requirements and one of these is by taking an English competency test – the IELTS or the International English Language Testing System exam.

Due to the test’s popularity, hundreds of Filipinos nowadays are looking for IELTS review centers to get training and courses. IELTS review centers have created class courses that enhance the examinees’ English skills in short span of time. Moreover, Filipino examinees consider IELTS review centers a good venue to learn skills and strategies they need, most especially in the writing section. Writing is one section most examinees consider challenging; hence, they need more practice in this area.

The IELTS writing section is composed of two different tasks. The first task asks the candidate to write a 150-word essay describing a process or compare and contrast data presented in graphs, charts and tables. The topics that are covered in this section are very varied. There are graphs representing age differences in countries, spending habits in shopping, or internet activities of particular age groups. In process or chart data, candidates are presented with processes like making cement, picture booth process, precipitation, or charts of deforestation. Examinees need to understand the graph or the diagrams well to be able to interpret it appropriately.

The second task of the IELTS writing section asks the candidates to write a 250-word essay in 40 minutes. Examinees are tasked to give their opinion on a given topic or statement. The topics that are usually given in the second tasks are topics about old age, globalization, science and technology, environmental issues, lifestyle, education issues, and social issues. Examinees need to be familiar with these topics. Questions on these topics are not too technical so candidates do not need to read a lot on these topics.

Coming up with a good essay on both tasks might be a little difficult at first. However, with constant practice in writing essays, candidates will be able to develop their skills in improving their writing styles. Moreover, coaches in IELTS review centers constantly give feedbacks and comments to their trainees’ essays. They will guide examinees step-by-step until their essays become effective and appropriate for the IELTS examination. Indeed, being part of an IELTS review center creates great advantages one can experience.

How To Read Jewelry Marks

The number markings on precious gold jewelry are a bit of confusion to lots of people. We are generally used to seeing a karat or silver mark like this: 10K, 14K, 18K, Sterling, etc. The numbers mean the same thing.

For 14k the number is technically 583 but most manufacturers adopted the European way and make 14k gold a tiny bit over 14k, so the mark is 585 in most 14k jewelry. 18K is marked 750. If the mark is valid and there is a makers mark also in the jewelry, the number means these items are 18k gold.

Here is where the numbers come from. Pure gold is called 24 karat. For 18k gold, there are 18 parts of pure gold mixed with other metals to make the metal suitable for use in jewelry. 24k is too soft alone to stand up or to hold stones well. 18 parts pure gold divided by 24, or 18/24 equals 750. That is where the number comes from. The jewelry is 75% pure gold, 750 parts gold with 250 parts other metals out of “1000″ parts. It is easier to think of it as a percent which is pure gold in the recipe.

Sterling silver is marked 925. Sterling is 92.5% pure silver and the rest is other metal, generally copper.

What does it mean if the ring marked 14K PR? The 14K simply means it is 14K (Karat) gold and because of the K means it would have been made in either South East Asia or The United States. The PR marks are just the Maker or Store ID or even a design mark, and have no relevance to the Value.

The basic decimal formula to work out the quality of gold content is quite simple, as they are all measured in ‘Parts per Thousand.’ This means that 9ct gold is calculated like this: 9 (for 9ct) is divided by pure gold (24) and then multiplied by 1000 (for pure gold as a decimal). ie: 9/24*1000=375 That 375 is the decimal quality for 9ct gold and is sometimes shown with a decimal point in front – .375

The old Victorian standard of 15ct gold is calculated the same way – 15/24*1000 = 625 (Not quite the numbers you have on your jewelry. Dental gold is 16ct or 666 recurring. But you can also reverse this formula by starting with the decimal and working back. ie: 375/1000*24 = 9

In your case we can use 698/1000*24 = almost 17ct

I have a platinum engagement ring and found a wedding ring that I really like but the band is made of palladium. Is it safe to wear these two metals together without one damaging the other?

It will wear the softer metal OVER TIME but that could take many years. My Grandmothers wedding ring eventually wore away the band of her engagement ring but it took over 20 years to do.

Platinum and Palladium and quite good together but I would take the advice of your local friendly jeweler and have them check both rings. Sometimes the Platinum may be a lower grade in order to make it harder – so have that checked.